BIBLIOGRAPHY


BOOKS


Seis Arquitectos Españoles Contemporáneos

edit. Colegio de Arquitectos USFQ

Quito (Ecuador) 2006


Luz, Agua y Tierra en la Arquitectura

edit. ETS Arquitectura

Palmas de Gran Canaria 2005 


Arquitectos. Emergentes’03

edit. CO Arquitectos de Aragón

Zaragoza, 2004


En proceso [In progress] 1999-2002

edit. El Croquis

Madrid 2002


REVIEWS


El Croquis 106/107

procesos de hibridación

EN PROCESO (II)

Madrid 2001


EXPOSITIONS


WORK IN PROCESS / WORK SYSTEMS

SALA DE EXPOSICIONES EL CROQUIS

Propuesta para habitar un medio agrícola (2 maquetas), 2002-04

Exposición colectiva de maquetas de arquitectura organizada por revista El Croquis

Sala de exposiciones del El Croquis, El Escorial, Madrid, 2002-2006

FRUIT ORCHARD AND HOUSES

Proposal for inhabiting a agricultural environment

Pago del Miércoles, Cájar y La Zubia, Granada




The agricultural land around the town centre of Cájar is undergoing a violent residential occupation with the ensuing conversion of its rural nature. One feasible alternative to prevent environmental degradation is the recovery of the nature of this alluvial area, combining the residential needs with the traditional use of the fruit trees in the area; a proposal that permits more appropriate solutions for the idea of moving the country without having to relinquish modern standards of living or adopt an eccentric lifestyle.


The image of properties without perimeter fences and crossed by paths and irrigation channels seemed to us an appropriate basis for new fruit orchards. This artificial topography permits foot or bicycle routes among paths amongst the different properties, while using the gaps the trees as sites for the houses which will have to carry an easement for others to use their orchards.


The shapes of the houses arise from the lines of fruit trees, replacing trees with activities so that the dimensions of a room are given by the separation required to grow each tree. The proposal contemplates the construction of the orchard with two variations, one exterior in a belt arrangement and another with an excavated patio that spreads across the whole property.



HOUSE1 (ORCHARDS IN A BELT)


Sensitively horizontal topography. The house is built on relations with a cherry orchard raised 1.95 metres at on boundary, designating a related position to each domestic activity. The summer kitchen, for example, is set in a clearing amongst fruit trees whle the winter kitchen is opposite the orchard and the bedrooms beneath it, half-buried, sheltered by the earth and the tree roots. The living room is a body that shifts towards a pond above the winter kitchen.  


· THE ORHARD: formed by 44 cherry trees arranged in a grid of 4  15 lines with  separation of 3.60 m and 4.60 m respectively, watered every morning from the Ramal del Miércoles channel.

· USE OF ORCHARD: contract for joint allotment usage with an outside party. The orchard is grown and tended by an experienced fruit grower. Expenses are covered by the owner. The fruit is shared by the grower and the proprietor.

·THE HOUSE: occupies positions in place of and in relation to the cherry trees.

   

DOMESTIC ACTIVITY                                                POSITION

(replacement of cherry trees)                                      (orchard level +1.95)


winter kitchen                                                      facing the orchard  -0.50

living room ( A-9 y B-9)                                         above the orchard  +2.80

summer kitchen (B-4)                                           in the orchard  +2.95

work (A-13, B-13, C-12  y C13)                               in the orchard +1.95

bedrooms (B-4, B-5, B-6 y B-7)                              beneath the orchard   +0.35



HOUSE 2 (ORCHARD WITH PATIO)


Sloping land. The construction of a platform extended to the property boundary permits tree  plantation throughout the allotment. Under these conditions, the house is inside the orchard, accessed along a six metre wide lane excavated from the land , in which the rooms, like a patio, are arranged facing each other. Stairs at one end lead into the orchard, like some of the rooms such as the working area and the living room which emerge at strategic points.


· THE ORCHARD: formed by 55 cherry trees in a grid of 8 15 lines with a separation of 3.60m and4.60m respectively, watered every morning from the Ramal del Miércoles channel.

· USE OF THE ORCHARD: orchard rental contract. The orchard is rented to an experienced fruit grower who will grow and tend the orchard for his or her own benefit. The owner reserves the right to consume an agreed amount of the crop.

· THE HOUSE: occupies positions in place of and in relation to the cherry trees.

    

ACTIVITY                                                                               POSICIONES

(replacement of cherry trees)                                                (orchard level variable)


WNTER KITCHEN (G-9, F-9, F-10, F-11, F-12 y F-13)        BENEATH THE ORCHARD

LIVING ROOM(F-8 y G-8)                                                     IN THE ORCGARD

SUMMER KITCHEN (F-9)                                                     IN THE ORCHARD   

WORK (G-14)                                                                        IN THE ORCHARD      

BEDROOMS (B-12, C-8, C-9, C-10, C-11, C-12                   BENEATH THE ORCHARD                           D-8, D-9, D-10, D-11 y D-12)

   

CREDITS


Location:

PAGO DEL MIÉRCOLES (entre los términos municipales de Cájar y La Zubia), GRANADA


Project:

Autumn 2000


Architect:

JUAN DOMINGO SANTOS


Collaborators:

JAVIER CASTELLANO PULIDO

ALFREDO GARRIDO FERRER

DIEGO JIMÉNEZ LÓPEZ

CARMEN MORENO ÁLVAREZ

JUANA SÁNCHEZ GÓMEZ


Photography:

FERNANDO ALDA

Juan Domingo Santos