BIBLIOGRAPHY


BOOKS


Arquitectos. Emergentes’03

edit. CO Arquitectos de Aragón

Zaragoza, 2004


EXPERIENCIAS 2

Montaner, JM y Domingo Santos, J

edit. Actar D

Barcelona 2009


REVIEWS


ARV, Revista de Arquitectura nº 04 / 05

PLASTICPLACE / INVERNADEROS / PLACTICSCAPE

edit. CO Arquitectos

Almería  2008


El Croquis nº 119

SISTEMAS DE TRABAJO

Madrid 2004

TOURIST ACCOMMODATION

AMONGST GREENHOUSES

Calahonda Beach, Granada




This research proposal is based on a speculative idea about the land along the south Mediterranean coastline, covered by a vast area of greenhouses and housing estates for summer sun + beach tourists. Two independent activities linked to contrary cycles: the most profitable use of the land in winter is greenhouse horticulture, while in summer it is rental accommodation. In order to profit further from these strips of land beside the sea, we propose an overlap between agricultural production and tourist uses by means of a series of seasonal operations which commit the relationship between the two to these production cycles. The idea of doing away with the current division between tourist accommodation and agriculture will also generate a new landscape that is more attractive and changes with the seasons. The mixture of these activities will give rise to a heterogeneous usage structure under planning conditions that are hard to repeat: Why not allow a greenhouse to be used as a supermarket for horticultural produce, a restaurant or a water sports club? Is it possible to construct environments which prolong the relationship between greenhouses, sea and architecture? In order to improve the living conditions of the dwellings amongst the greenhouses, we propose their selective removal in zones and the flooding of the resulting gaps with seawater. The result will be a sort of artificial marsh amidst greenhouses in the summer, which will be associated with the tourist accommodation in various positions. In order to prevent the loss of farmland, three new islands equivalent in size to the shape of the artificial marshes will enable the greenhouse crops to be extended into the sea. The interest in maintaining the physical events of the landscape has led to the recovery of the dry riverbeds (ramblas) as entrance points to the marshes in the manner of a little Venice amongst plastic.



ARTIFICIAL MARSH


In association with the Rejón Rambla and as an extension of the tourist estate nearby, the new artificial marsh is produced by removing greenhouses in the summer along the existing allotment lines and the gaps between them. The marsh is flooded with seawater to produce an image like a large public square with interior canales in the manner of streets, with tourist accommodation along the edges beside the greenhouses in a combined scene of activities. The flooded areas enable visitors to wander around by boat or move from the sea to areas that are covered by greenhouses in winter, and in doing so, becoming part of an unusual, picturesque landscape where they can spend their holidays.



NEW ISLANDS


The platforms of greenhouses in the sea are artificial farming islands, similar to some of the Japanese industrial islands in the Pacific or the Dutch poldersland won back from the sea which has been turned into pure artificial harbours, associated with economic activities that change with the seasons. The new platforms permit the simultaneous use of greenhouse crops in winter and tourist residences and other recreational facilities during the summer. This enables the relationships between agriculture and architecture to be shifted to the water under new landscape conditions. The creation of these islands is justified by the land shortage, the simplification of exports of agricultural produce from the greenhouses and the provision of access from the sea to the dwellings in summer.



SEASONAL ACCOMMODATION


The new dwellings beside the marshes are raised above sea level on platforms set on pilotis, like the local fishing planks and cabins, built modestly from wood and clad in greenhouse plastic. Beyond the time barrier, these constructions inevitably evoke the fishermen's huts that used to be dotted along the Mediterranean in a fragile equilibrium between land and sea.

The accommodation is arranged in four metre wide belts on platforms in order to ensure greater independence from the ground and improve views out to the mountains and the sea. Underneath, a broad space in the manner of a covered terrace facilitates the arrival of boats while serving as an extension of the houses with the presence of the odd room and stairs that climb up to the dwelling. The accommodation can take different positions, depending on the relationship they establish with the marsh and the greenhouses, and can be expanded as required. They can be set beside the marsh, beside a belt of open greenhouses recycled as gardens, or beside a belt of greenhouses apt for inclusion as dwellings or storage space. The result is infrastructure raised three metres above the ground with variable occupation, depending on the season: in winter it is adapted to the needs of the greenhouse labourers, while in summer it is transformed for tourists. This generates different profiles for the belts at different times of the year. Hydroponic (non-soil) crops enable the nearest belt of greenhouses to also be included during the peak season, using them as workshops/storesheds or even summer housing, reusing the climate-control infrastructure in the greenhouse for the new uses.

CREDITS


Location:

PLAYA DE CALAHONDA, GRANADA


Fecha de proyecto:

2003


Architect:

JUAN DOMINGO SANTOS


Collaborators: 

CARMEN MORENO ÁLVAREZ

GREET VERELLEN

MARGARITA MARTÍNEZ

AURELIO DORRONSORO

ENCARNACIÓN SÁNCHEZ

ANTONIO JOSÉ CÉSPEDES

agronomist engineer (horticulture department, experimental station Cajamar, Almería)

PATRICIO BAUTISTA

industrial engineer, installations

Juan Domingo Santos